A recent study produced by the LIBE committee of the European Parliament presents the European Union's policies on counter-terrorism, its relevance, coherence and effectiveness.
The study identifies (counter-) terrorism trends, threats and policies in the EU, focussing particularly on seven themes, including database access and interoperability, measures on border security, criminal justice and prevention of radicalisation. It also analyses the coherence and effectiveness of the counter-terrorism policy (architecture), and issues of cooperation, oversight and implementation, in particular of seven focus Member States: Belgium, Bulgaria, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Slovakia and Spain.
Moreover, this study addresses future scenarios and formulates concrete policy options and recommendations".
The latest terrorist attacks in European terroritory has reinforced awareness of the vulnerabilities of European Member States. The modi operandi of the attacks showed a large diversity of targets, places, weapons, making it difficult for security agencies to signal the threat in advance or when materialising. A lack of coordination amongst the EUMS has also been a complicating factor and trend.
This study maps the EU counter terrorism architecture to try to understand where are the failures and give some recommendations.